To qualify for a resident license, a person must be domiciled in New York State more than 30 days immediately prior to date of application. Property ownership in New York State is not a residency criterion.
Residency is the place where a person maintains a fixed, permanent and principal home and to which such person (regardless wherever temporarily located) always intends to return, evidence of which includes that such person votes or is registered to vote in that place in elections for any public office other than school board (if under 18, the residence of parents or legal guardian shall be deemed such person's residence).
Active members of the U.S. armed forces stationed in the state qualify for resident licenses. Full-time college students who reside in the state during the school year (proof required) and are U.S. citizens also qualify.